PDF | A drawing has been determined as lectotype for Gundelia tournefortii, the corresponding historic specimen has been chosen as epitype. PDF | Gundelia tournefortii L. is a well known plant in mountains of Iran and is found all over the country. It traditionally has some medicinal. A lectotype and epitype are chosen for Gundelia tournefortii L. (Compositae). Gundelia tournefortii was described by LINNÉ in Species plantarum ( ).

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Gundelia tournefortii L. (Compositae: Gundelieae) is described and illustrated, and its strange only seen]. Turin. []. Della, A. Gundelia tournefortii is able to decrease atherosclerosis in effects of Gundelia tournefortii on atherosclerosis biomarkers by measuring some biochemical. Traditional Use of A'kub (Gundelia tournefortii, Asteraceae), in Israel and the Palestinian. Authority Area. Author(s): Simcha Lev-Yadun and Shahal Abbo.


Tumble thistles are assigned to the Cichorieae-tribe that shares anastomosing latex canals in both root, stem and leaves, and has flower heads only consisting of one type of floret. How to cite this article: Gundelia however is herbaceous, has monofloral primary flowerheads combined into groups of five to seven, the centre floret hermaphrodite, the marginal florets functionally male, and those groups combined in ovoid spiny florescences at the end of the stem, and spiny leaves, florets dull yellow to dull purple on the inside, purple to rusty on the outside.

Gundelia — Wikipedia Assessment of antibiotic resistant inhibitors of some plant materials showed that cephaloxin compounds accompanied with the plant materials against the resistant strain improved the antimicrobial activity.

New perspectives in biological activities and therapeutics. The typification of Gundelia tournefortii L. For a list of references used tourneforgii this page please go here.


The seeds are collected during the summer and are used during the winter, but this tradition has been declining in recent years alarmingly. Others also recognise G.

Some parts of this plant which are consumed by humans, include underground stems, leaves and aerial stems and the rootstock. Other authors hesitantly considered a position for Gundelia in the Cardueae sensu lato. Akkub, the biblical name for this species, is already mentioned in the Babylonian Talmud.

Anti nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of aerial parts of Gundelia tournefortii L. Systematics, evolution and biogeography of Tourneforti.

To this end, the actions which have to be undertaken include gathering baseline information, habitat protection, monitoring and recovery actions.

A look at toournefortii Iranian collections results in this supposition that all collections from the Flora Iranica could, in reality, belong to G. The extracts were filtered by passing the solvents through a 0.

Anticancer activity and phytochemical composition of wild Gundelia tournefortii

A total of 10 ml was removed from each solvent type for analysis of antioxidant activity. The remaining volume from each solvent type was evaporated under reduced pressure range, 0.

The yields of the extracts were calculated by dividing the weight of the extracted material following vacuum evaporation on the crude material and found to be 3. MTT assay MTT is a water-soluble tetrazolium salt, which is converted to insoluble purple formazan by cleavage of the tetrazolium ring by succinate dehydrogenase within the mitochondria.

The formazan product accumulates only in healthy cells. The assay was optimized for the cell lines used in the experiments.

MTT was applied to assess cell viability as described in a previous study 6. The absorbance at nm A was measured with microtiter plate reader Anthos Labtec Instruments, Austria.

For each plate, two wells without cells served as blanks. All experiments were repeated three times in triplicate.

The carrier gas was helium at a flow rate of 1. The samples were injected in the split mode with a ratio of The total duration of the GC-MS protocol was 79 min, and the solvent delay time was 7 min. The percentages of the phytochemical components were computed from the GC peak areas normalization. The normalization is done automatically by the software while dividing the peak area of each peak by the total area and multiply by Results and Discussion In vitro anticancer activity of the different G tournefortii extracts The effects of G.

The HCT cell line was exposed to G.

The half maximal effective concentrations obtained by the MTT assay were However, the aqueous extract only reduced cell viability to Phytochemical analysis of G.

The analysis of these two extracts revealed 14 and 13 major components in the hexane and methanol extracts, respectively Tables I and II ; Figs.It has been demonstrated that sitosterol acts as an inhibitor of tumor promotion in vivo and that it inhibits carcinogenesis 7 , 8.


Topographical map showing the sampling site locations of these species of interest was settled and the Plant Species Importance Value SIV of the studied spp. Once delivered to the mitochondria, it is converted to an insoluble purple formazan by succinate dehydrogenase. Black cumin Nigella sativa and cinnamon Cinnamomum officinalis were suggested to have insulin mimetic properties, through enhancing insulin signaling pathway independently of insulin [ 13 , 14 ].


Warionia is a shrub, has many dandelion-yellow florets in each flowerhead, single or with two or three together at the end of the branches, the leaves dentate but not spiny. Lactuceae, Asteraceae.